The round button-sized seal was found in a building in Jerusalem’s Old City near the Western Wall and dates back to the 7th century BC, from the time of the First Jewish Temple, said the Israel Antiquities Authority.
The artefact bears an engraving showing two men wearing robes and facing each other in a mirror-like manner.
Below them is an inscription in ancient Hebrew that reads “to the governor of the city”, or mayor.
“It’s a very rare find,” said Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah, excavator of the Western Wall plaza for the Israel Antiquities Authority.
“The find’s great importance is that until now, we only know the expression of city governor (of Jerusalem) from the Bible,” she told AFP.
“This is the first time we find it in the archaeological context, in an archaeological dig of a structure from the seventh century BC,” she added.
The seal does not mention the name of the governor or the city of Jerusalem, but Weksler-Bdolah said she believed it referred to the Holy City.
She said a scientific examination of the seal would be conducted soon and was expected to corroborate its link to Jerusalem.
According to her, the seal was apparently attached to an object to be delivered to someone on behalf of the governor of the city.
News of the discovery comes as tensions swirl around Jerusalem after US President Donald Trump designated the city as Israel’s capital.
Jerusalem’s status is perhaps the most sensitive issue in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Israel sees the entire city as its capital, while the Palestinians want the eastern sector as the capital of their future state.